GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)

       echo - echo arguments

       echo [options]...

       Echo  writes  its arguments separated by blanks and termi-
       nated by a newline on the  standard  output.   Options  to
       filter and redirect the output are as follows:

       -2     generate rhyming couplets from keywords

       -3     generate Haiku verse from keywords

       -5     generate limerick from keywords

       -a     convert ASCII to ASCII

       -A     disambiguate sentence structure

       -b     generate bureaucratese equivalent (see -x)

       -B     issue equivalent C code with bugs fixed

       -c     simplify/calculate arithmetic expression(s)

       -C     remove copyright notice(s)

       -d     define new echo switch map

       -D     delete all ownership information from system files

       -e     evaluate lisp expression(s)

       -E     convert ASCII to Navajo

       -f     read input from file

       -F     transliterate to french

       -g     generate pseudo-revolutionary marxist catch-phrases

       -G     prepend GNU manifesto

       -h     halt system (reboot suppressed  on  Suns,  Apollos,
              and VAXen, not supported on NOS-2)

       -i     emulate  IBM  OS/VU  (recursive  universes not sup-

       -I     emulate IBM VTOS 3.7.6 (chronosynclastic infundibu-
              lae  supported  with restrictions documented in IBM
              VTOS Reference Manual rev 3.2.6)


GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)

       -J     generate junk mail

       -j     justify text (see -b option)

       -k     output "echo" software tools

       -K     delete privileged accounts

       -l     generate legalese equivalent

       -L     load echo modules

       -M     generate mail

       -N     send output to all reachable networks (usable  with
              -J, -K, -h options)

       -n     do not add newline to the output

       -o     generate obscene text

       -O     clean up dirty language

       -p     decrypt and print /etc/passwd

       -P     port echo to all reachable networks

       -P1    oolcay itay

       -q     query standard input for arguments

       -r     read alternate ".echo" file on start up

       -R     change root password to "RMS"

       -s     suspend operating system during output (Sun and VAX
              BSD 4.2 only)

       -S     translate to swahili

       -T     emulate TCP/IP handler

       -t     issue troff output

       -u     issue unix philosophy essay

       -v     generate reverberating echo

       -V     print debugging information

       -x     decrypt DES format messages (NSA  secret  algorithm
              CX 3.8, not distributed outside continental US)

       Echo is useful for producing diagnostics in shell programs


GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)

       and for writing constant data on pipes.  To send  diagnos-
       tics to the standard error file, do `echo ... 1>&2'.

       Richard M. Stallman


By Olli's man-to-html utility, Mon Feb 17 00:38:15 MET 1997.