GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)


NAME
       echo - echo arguments

SYNOPSIS
       echo [options]...

DESCRIPTION
       Echo  writes  its arguments separated by blanks and termi-
       nated by a newline on the  standard  output.   Options  to
       filter and redirect the output are as follows:

       -2     generate rhyming couplets from keywords

       -3     generate Haiku verse from keywords

       -5     generate limerick from keywords

       -a     convert ASCII to ASCII

       -A     disambiguate sentence structure

       -b     generate bureaucratese equivalent (see -x)

       -B     issue equivalent C code with bugs fixed

       -c     simplify/calculate arithmetic expression(s)

       -C     remove copyright notice(s)

       -d     define new echo switch map

       -D     delete all ownership information from system files

       -e     evaluate lisp expression(s)

       -E     convert ASCII to Navajo

       -f     read input from file

       -F     transliterate to french

       -g     generate pseudo-revolutionary marxist catch-phrases

       -G     prepend GNU manifesto

       -h     halt system (reboot suppressed  on  Suns,  Apollos,
              and VAXen, not supported on NOS-2)

       -i     emulate  IBM  OS/VU  (recursive  universes not sup-
              ported)

       -I     emulate IBM VTOS 3.7.6 (chronosynclastic infundibu-
              lae  supported  with restrictions documented in IBM
              VTOS Reference Manual rev 3.2.6)



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GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)


       -J     generate junk mail

       -j     justify text (see -b option)

       -k     output "echo" software tools

       -K     delete privileged accounts

       -l     generate legalese equivalent

       -L     load echo modules

       -M     generate mail

       -N     send output to all reachable networks (usable  with
              -J, -K, -h options)

       -n     do not add newline to the output

       -o     generate obscene text

       -O     clean up dirty language

       -p     decrypt and print /etc/passwd

       -P     port echo to all reachable networks

       -P1    oolcay itay

       -q     query standard input for arguments

       -r     read alternate ".echo" file on start up

       -R     change root password to "RMS"

       -s     suspend operating system during output (Sun and VAX
              BSD 4.2 only)

       -S     translate to swahili

       -T     emulate TCP/IP handler

       -t     issue troff output

       -u     issue unix philosophy essay

       -v     generate reverberating echo

       -V     print debugging information

       -x     decrypt DES format messages (NSA  secret  algorithm
              CX 3.8, not distributed outside continental US)

       Echo is useful for producing diagnostics in shell programs



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GNUecho(1)                                             GNUecho(1)


       and for writing constant data on pipes.  To send  diagnos-
       tics to the standard error file, do `echo ... 1>&2'.

AUTHOR
       Richard M. Stallman




















































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By Olli's man-to-html utility, Mon Feb 17 00:38:15 MET 1997.